Item: CD-ROM, Roadwise Review™ from AAA
Description: Roadwise Review™ is a tool that enables older drivers to identify and address physiological changes which could affect driving. This program is a scientifically validated screening tool developed by AAA and noted safety researchers, which helps seniors drive safely longer by letting users screen for their driving health just as they screen for their medical health.
With a lifetime of experience behind the wheel, older people typically have excellent driving skills. But a certain level of vision, along with mental and physical agility, is needed to put those skills into practice. Roadwise Review™ contains half an hour of exercises that, using your PC or Mac, will let you check these essential safe driving abilities at home --- comfortably, conveniently, and confidentially.
This product will educate you about maintaining your “driving health,” while it provides a quick screen for potential problems with memory, attention, visual search and other abilities that are the strongest predictors of crash risk for older drivers. Roadwise Review™ will teach you about things you can do to keep driving safely; and, if any problem areas turn up, it will help you know what questions to ask the next time you see your doctor.
The skills tested in Roadwise Review™ include:
Leg Strength and General Mobility - enables you to accelerate and brake under regular conditions and to respond quickly in emergencies.
Head/Neck Flexibility - allows you to check blind spots when you back up, change lanes, or merge into traffic.
High Contrast Visual Acuity - helps you detect pavement markings, read road signs and spot hazards in or near the road.
Low Visual Acuity - enables you to maintain lane position and drive safely in rain, dusk, haze and fog.
Working Memory - helps you follow directions, remember traffic rules and regulations, and make good decisions as you drive.
Visualization of Missing Information - enables you to recognize and anticipate a threat or hazard even when part of it is hidden from view.
Visual Search - enables you to scan the driving environment and recognize traffic signs, signals, navigational landmarks and hazards.
Visual Information Processing Speed - allows you to pay attention to what is in front of you while also detecting threats at the edge of your field of view.
For the best results, Roadwise Review™ should be completed once or twice a year to help you notice slight changes in your safe driving abilities. Remember that a mild impairment, detected early, can often be rectified and will help keep you driving safely longer.
Item: Book, Vision and Art: The Biology of Seeing
Description: Now in paperback, this groundbreaking study by Harvard neurobiologist Margaret Livingstone explores the inner workings of vision, demonstrating that how we see art depends ultimately on the cells in our eyes and our brains. In Vision and Art, Livingstone explains how great painters fool the brain: why Mona Lisa’s smile seems so mysterious, Monet’s Poppy Field appears to sway in the breeze, Mondrian’s Broadway Boogie Woogie blinks like the lights of Times Square, and Warhol’s Electric Chair pulses with current.
Drawing on history and her own cutting-edge discoveries, Livingstone offers intriguing insights --from explanations of common optical illusions, to speculations on the correlation of learning disabilities with artistic skill. By skillfully bridging the space between science and art, Vision and Art will both arm artists and designers with new techniques that they can use in their own craft, and thrill any reader with an interest in the biology of human vision.
Margaret Livingstone is professor of neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. She studies vision with a focus on how the eye and brain use color and luminance information, dyslexia and visual processing.
Item: Companion DVD, Brain Fitness 2: Sight and Sound
Description: Brain Fitness 2: Sight and Sound looks at the two important senses of vision and hearing -- how they change throughout life and what we can do to keep them healthy and fully functional. We begin to experience decline in most cognitive functions in our 30s and 40s. As we grow older, the rate of decline increases, and the cumulative effects become more noticeable. We have increasing difficulty remembering, paying close attention, responding rapidly and performing complex tasks. Our coordination, movement and many other cognitive functions -- that once came easily -- are now more difficult.
But what we notice most is difficulty hearing in a noisy place, seeing when we look at someone placed in front of a bright light, and we find that our reading slows. These are symptoms of elemental physical changes in an aging brain. The problem is more than just lapses in memory.
We know that it is possible to enjoy improvement in our senses if we are willing to exercise our brain in the same way we exercise our body. This can help reduce the effects of the problems in the aging brain: (1) an increasing signal-to-noise problem in processing information collected by our senses, (2) a decline in the production of key brain chemicals and (3) a slowing in processing speed. These problems make it increasingly difficult to accurately receive, store, retrieve and manipulate information received from any of the 5 senses.
As in our first Brain Fitness program, over 50 neuroscientists participated in creating a system for strengthening the brain and making it perform with more agility, speed and comprehension. The system is based on neuro-plasticity – the ability of the brain to change and adapt -- even rewire itself! Brain Fitness 2: Sight and Sound looks at studies that address how we see and how that changes through life. In the past 2 years, this global team of scientists has developed computer-based stimulus sets (or “exercises”) that drive beneficial changes in the brain. This methodology is being expanded to address auditory and visual processing and memory.
Bonus material: The DVD includes 45 minutes of bonus material featuring extended interviews with experts from the AgeLab at MIT, Dr. Michael Merzenich of The University of California, San Francisco, and many of the other scientists featured in the show
InSight Description: InSight is Posit Science’s program for the visual system of the brain. Visual processing is an especially important root of brain fitness because so many of our experiences and memories are defined by what we see. InSight improves the quality and quantity of the information your brain absorbs from your eyes (just as the Brain Fitness Program does with your ears).
Almost any adult can benefit from InSight, regardless of starting cognitive status. The five computer-based exercises continually adapt to individual performance so that every person trains at the right level for him or her. These exercises wrap the visual training tasks in game-like elements to make the exercises both effective and enjoyable. Several features help users understand and individualize their experience.
The InSight exercises are carefully designed to improve the visual system in multiple ways—by speeding up visual processing, sharpening visual precision, enlarging useful field of view, expanding divided attention, and improving visual working memory. The InSight exercises incorporate Useful Field of View (UFOV®), a training technology proven in published studies to enhance cognitive function.
· Licensed for two users
· PC and Mac compatible
Minimum PC Requirements
? Windows XP with at least 512 MB RAM or Windows Vista with at least 1GB (1000MB) RAM
? 1GHz or faster processor
? X24 CD-ROM or DVD drive
? 1GB free disk space
? Internet access
Minimum Mac Requirements
? Power PC: OS 10.4.11
? Intel-based Mac: OS 10.4.11-10.5.x
? At least 512MB RAM
? 1GHz or faster processor
? Combo drive/DVD drive
? 1GB free disk space
? Internet access